Title

Depression, self-esteem, and economic hardship as predictors of job search self-efficacy and job search behavior in African American single mothers receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF)

Date of Award

2001

Availability

Article

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

Department

Psychology

First Committee Member

Blaine Fowers, Committee Chair

Abstract

This study is an examination of the relationship of self-esteem, depression and economic hardship to job search self-efficacy and job seeking behavior in single, African-American mothers, who are receiving TANF and are involved in a job readiness program. Theoretically derived from Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory, this study hypothesized that the effects of psychological variables on reemployment would be mediated by job search self-efficacy and job search behavior. It also is hypothesized that job search behavior would mediate, in part, the effects of job search self-efficacy on employment status. Results indicated that at Time 1, job search self-efficacy was positively correlated with job search behavior, job search behavior at Time 1 and Time 2 was positively correlated with depression and economic hardship measured at Time 1. At Time 2 job search self-efficacy was positively correlated with both self-esteem and job search behavior, both measured at Time 1. At Time 2 job search behavior was positively related to job search self-efficacy at Time 1 and job search self-efficacy at Time 2. Regardless of employment status 30 or 60 days after the start of the job readiness program, the individual's job search behavior, job search self-efficacy and economic hardship did not differ significantly. Job search self-efficacy was not found to mediate self-esteem or depression. Statistical significance was not found for job search behavior acting as a mediator of self-esteem, depression and job search self-efficacy. Limitations to this study and suggestions for future and related research are discussed.

Keywords

Black Studies; Psychology, Behavioral; Psychology, Clinical; Sociology, Individual and Family Studies; Sociology, Public and Social Welfare

Link to Full Text

http://access.library.miami.edu/login?url=http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl?url_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation&res_dat=xri:pqdiss&rft_dat=xri:pqdiss:3015580