Title

Ciencia-ficcion Cubana: El proyecto nacional del hombre nuevo socialista

Date of Award

2002

Availability

Article

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

Department

Spanish

First Committee Member

Lillian Manzor, Committee Chair

Abstract

The Cuban and Latin American literary canon does not pay much attention to the development of the science fiction genre. However, the study and incorporation of this genre is key to the complete understanding of such canon. This investigation focuses on the relationship between the traditional Cuban literary canon and the ideas brought up by the 1959 revolution on the island, and the production of science fiction literature from the 60s to the 90s. The implementation of a certain degree of censorship together with the vast publication of science fiction production from socialist Eastern European countries and the U.S.S.R. made Cuban science fiction flourish in a unique, hybrid way.After 1971, the Cuban revolution officially adopted socialist realism as its artistic model, and the image of the new socialist man as its hero. We attend to the ideological debate that these two cornerstones of Cuban socialist art produced with the analyses of literary examples of the 80s and 90s such as Agustin de Rojas' Ano 200, Felix Lizarraga's Beatrice, Daina Chaviano's Fabulas de una abuela extraterrestre, and F. Mond's Kronicas koradianas . The readings of these texts lead us to understand the figure of the new man as both a dream and a critical target of Cuban utopia. If Rojas defends the new man, revising its ideological corpus, Lizarraga's, Chaviano's and Mond's present alternative models. While Mond's work shows the use of Cuban choteo as a veiled criticism of the new man, Chaviano's and Lizrraga's novels critique this utopian figure through the fractured image of the monolithic modern subject. In these analyses, Donna Haraway's cyborg theory becomes the most relevant approach of the feminist critique of Modernity.Through these examples we can then trace Cuban science fiction's process of intertextuality in relation to many other literary traditions, such as the Latin American fantastic, the so-called novel of the Cuban revolution , and the science fiction production from other countries. This investigation argues that Cuban science fiction is a genre that has to be taken into account in order to understand the island's literary tradition's process of intertextualization in the 20th century.

Keywords

Literature, Latin American; Literature, Caribbean

Link to Full Text

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