Title

Inconsistencias en la seguridad nacional de Vicente Fox y la relacion con Estados Unidos

Date of Award

2007

Availability

Article

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

First Committee Member

Bruce M. Bagley, Committee Chair

Abstract

The central argument of this dissertation is to examine how the political regime which emerged from the Mexican Revolution confused its own security with the security of the Nation-State between 1928 and the year 2000. Nevertheless, that was the type of relationship supported by Washington because it helped to preserve its own interests of stability and security in its Southern flank with Mexico.However, Washington identified and encouraged a change of regime once Mexico's political and economic stability was inefficient for their long term interests on security. This was linked to the insertion of Mexico in the North American Free Trade Agreement, the Chiapas Rebellion and the assassination of the official presidential candidate, Luis Donaldo Colosio Murrieta in 1994; a series of events which resulted in---among other things---the election of Vicente Fox Quezada in the year 2000.Second, this study examines also how the president Vicente Fox Quezada (2000-2006) committed a similar mistake undertaken by the authoritarian system; inconsistency and discretionary methods on security matters. Both regimes privileged their own political party over the transparency and the democratic consolidation of Mexico.Third, the theoretical framework of this dissertation is constructivism with respect to the security subfield in International Relations Theory. Additionally, every chapter is analyzed throughout the lenses of critical junctures---episodes of great crisis---after which the political regime changes deeply, a conceptual framework under Comparative Politics literature. Consequently, this study has established an analytical intersection between IR theory and Comparative Politics along the chapters of this work on security around the institutionalization process on ideas, doctrines and institutions at the State level in Mexico and in the relation with the United States. This approach illustrates the conceptual limits of authoritarianism by limiting voices and actors and demonstrates the new challenges defined by a democratic transformation which increases voices, actors, and levels of participation in the relationship between Mexico and the United States.Fourth, the distortion of the national security practice and doctrine implemented by the Institutional Revolutionary Party throughout its existence demonstrated that authoritarianism eventually became the main threat to national security and in that dimension--particularly in 1995 and 1997--a threat to the American national security and the international political economy as well.Nevertheless, with the arrival of Vicente Fox to power in the year 2000, the democratic transition was unable to deactivate organized crime and it even made to fail an initiative that it looked for the first time in Mexican history for a conception on security compatible with democratic consolidation, the protection of human rights and a relation of State with the White House.And finally, this inconsistency and lack of coordination during the authoritarian system and democratic period as well has been the outcome for the development of an insecure nation. This vulnerability has been magnified by the new security perimeter redefined by Washington consisting in a major priority on homeland security which alters its traditional view on borders and North America with Canada and Mexico and observes a potential threat coming from Mexico due to its tremendous insecurity. In the end, internally as well as externally Mexico needs urgently to implement a true security project to preserve its role as an autonomous and sovereign country in the concert of nations in the twenty-first century.

Keywords

History, Latin American; Political Science, General; Political Science, International Law and Relations

Link to Full Text

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