Title

The impact of acquaintance rape versus stranger rape on victim's psychological distress, fear and self perceptions

Date of Award

1987

Availability

Article

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

Department

Counseling Psychology

First Committee Member

Carolyn Garwood, Committee Chair

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of acquaintance rape versus rape by a stranger on psychological distress, fear and self perceptions of adult female rape victims. The forty subjects in this study had been assaulted within six months prior to their participation. Twenty women had been assaulted by acquaintances and twenty by strangers.Subjects completed three self report inventories which assessed psychological distress, fear and self perceptions. The instruments used were the Symptom Check List-Revised, the Modified Fear Survey and the Semantic Differential. Data from the index of psychological distress and the overall fear score were analyzed using the analysis of variance (ANOVA). Data from the mean scores of the concepts in the Semantic Differential were analyzed using Hotellings Multivariate Test of Significance. When the multivariate test was found to be significant, the ANOVA was completed.The hypothesis that victims assaulted by acquaintances would have a higher index of psychological distress than those assaulted by strangers was not supported. Both groups reported severe distress. The hypothesis that victims assaulted by acquaintances would have a lower index of fear than those assaulted by strangers was supported. Victims assaulted by acquaintances had a significantly lower index of fear than those assaulted by strangers. The hypothesis that victims assaulted by acquaintances would have more negative self perceptions than those assaulted by strangers was partially supported.The results provide additional information on rape victims in general, as well as distinctions with regard to relationship of assailant.

Keywords

Psychology, Clinical

Link to Full Text

http://access.library.miami.edu/login?url=http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl?url_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation&res_dat=xri:pqdiss&rft_dat=xri:pqdiss:8813692