Title

The development of the Survey of Adolescent Stress Issues (SASI) and its correlation with personality style in a normal and a clinical population

Date of Award

1988

Availability

Article

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

Department

Clinical Psychology

First Committee Member

Theodore Millon, Committee Chair

Abstract

In a series of studies, 525 junior and senior high school subjects were surveyed in order to develop an instrument to assess stress levels in adolescents. The Survey of Adolescent Stress Issues (SASI) is the 62-item questionnaire that resulted from these studies. In the principle study, this survey was given to a clinical population of 70 adolescents and a normal population of 101 adolescents in order to compare these two groups' general levels of stress as well as to compare them along seven defined areas of stress labeled: (1) Responsibility: Now and Future, (2) Parents, (3) Siblings, (4) Academics, (5) Peers, (6) Appearance/Identity, and (7) Romance. In addition, the Millon Adolescent Personality Inventory (MAPI) was given to both groups in order to assess if different personality styles would report coping better or worse with these particular categories of stress and if the normal and clinical populations would differ significantly in their ratings Finally, a companion Clinician's Rating Scale (CRS) was given to the therapist's of the clinical subjects in order to compare the clinicians' assessments of the subjects' stress on the SASI and its Seven Scales with the subjects' own ratings. Results were as follows: (1) normal and clinical subjects received significantly different scores on the total SASI suggesting that the SASI is sensitive to "normal" and "clinical" levels of stress, (2) different personality styles demonstrated significantly different ratings on both the total SASI score as well as on particular areas of stress but only if they were defined as belonging to a clinical population, (3) while the CRS was found to correlate highly with the subjects' score on the total SASI, it evidenced some difficulty in correlating with the Seven Scales of the SASI, and (4) multiple regression analysis of some of the demographic variables suggested that sex, race, and age might differentially effect scoring on the SASI.

Keywords

Psychology, Clinical

Link to Full Text

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