Title

The pattern of caregiver-to-child verbalizations in relation to academic achievement for environmentally at-risk preschoolers

Date of Award

1990

Availability

Article

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

First Committee Member

Liz Rothlein, Committee Chair

Second Committee Member

Steven Daley, Committee Member

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between caregiver-to-child verbalizations and child academic achievement for environmentally at-risk preschoolers in a daycare/preschool setting. Forty-five subjects from three Head Start classes were observed during activity times, defined as task time, outdoor play, and lunch time, to determine the relationship between quantity, high quality, and poor quality caregiver-to-child verbalizations and child academic achievement. Subjects were tested with the Academic Scale of the Developmental Profile (Alpern & Boll, 1972) for level of academic achievement. Pearson correlations revealed no relationship between the quantity and high quality of caregiver-to-child verbalizations and child academic achievement. However, a low significant negative relationship between poor quality caregiver-to-child verbalizations and child academic achievement was observed. From the outdoor play observation, the t-test revealed the highest achievers received significantly more caregiver-to-child verbalizations than the lowest achievers, and the lowest achievers received significantly more poor quality caregiver-to-child verbalizations than the highest achievers. Also during outdoor play the Pearson correlation revealed a moderate but significant negative correlation between poor quality caregiver-to-child verbalizations and child academic achievement. The outdoor play findings, based on limited observation, suggest outdoor play as an area for further study of the relationship between caregiver-to-child verbalizations and child academic achievement. These results have practical implications for in-service teacher training.

Keywords

Education, Early Childhood; Education, Special

Link to Full Text

http://access.library.miami.edu/login?url=http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl?url_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation&res_dat=xri:pqdiss&rft_dat=xri:pqdiss:9104428