Title

Dependency and self-criticism as predictors of depressive mood states: A test of specificity

Date of Award

1992

Availability

Article

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

Department

Psychology

First Committee Member

Paul H. Blaney, Committee Chair

Abstract

This research, patterned after Zuroff and Mongrain (1987), addressed the congruence hypotheses that (1) dependent persons become depressed when confronted with rejection, while self-critical persons become depressed over failure, (2) dependent persons manifest a distinct quality of depression characterized by feelings of loneliness and depletion, while self-critical individuals manifest a quality of depression characterized by feelings of worthlessness and guilt, and (3) that events involving rejection precipitate a quality of depression characterized by feelings of loneliness and depletion, while events involving failure or failure with competition precipitate a quality of depression characterized by feelings of worthlessness and guilt. 556 undergraduates assessed via Blatt et al.'s Dependency and Self-Criticism scales heard audiotapes which aided them in imagining experiences of interpersonal rejection, failure at work, or failure and competition at work. The outcome variables were self-reported support-deficit, self-denigrating, and nonspecific negative affect.For males only, dependency and self-criticism were found to be reliable predictors of the class of event (e.g., rejection or failure) to which one is likely to manifest depressed affect, irrespective of the quality. For females, however, the picture was less clear. The results also indicated that across gender, dependency and self-criticism had minimal impact upon the quality of distress (support-deficit or self-denigrating) experienced. Finally, it was found that the class of event alone (e.g., rejection or failure) was a reliable predictor of quality of depressed affect, with higher levels of support-deficit state depression reported following rejection and higher levels of self-denigrating state depression reported following both failure and failure with competition. Implications and limitations of the present study as well as future research directions were discussed.

Keywords

Psychology, Clinical; Psychology, Personality; Psychology, Psychometrics

Link to Full Text

http://access.library.miami.edu/login?url=http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl?url_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation&res_dat=xri:pqdiss&rft_dat=xri:pqdiss:9239671