Title

Depressive mood congruence outside the laboratory setting

Date of Award

1994

Availability

Article

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

Department

Psychology

First Committee Member

Paul Blaney, Committee Chair

Abstract

This study investigated the cognitions of mildly-to-moderately depressed individuals in the course of their daily lives. Dysphoric and non-dysphoric college students carried a pager and a booklet of questionnaires for two days, during which they completed one questionnaire each time they were signalled. Half the subjects reported cognitions only; half also reported mood states, thereby eliciting affective self-focus. Subsequently, the cognitions were rated for affectivity (positivity/negativity); this rating served as the dependent variable. An ANOVA revealed a three-way interaction between gender, affective level (dysphoric/non-dysphoric), and questionnaire type. Specifically, dysphoric females reported more negative cognitions than non-dysphoric females regardless of the type of questionnaire they completed, but the cognitions of dysphoric and non-dysphoric males differed in their affective content only if the questionnaires they completed specifically elicited affective self-focus. In the non-mood-elicitation condition, both dysphoric and non-dysphoric women tended toward greater extremes in cognitive affectivity; men tended more toward neutrality. Repeated affective focus for mood condition subjects also resulted in higher subsequently-reported depression levels across gender. Results suggest that negative cognitions and ruminative self-focus are somewhat chronic amongst dysphoric females, but that amongst dysphoric males mood congruence may not be a pervasive element outside experimental and therapeutic settings.

Keywords

Health Sciences, Mental Health; Psychology, Experimental

Link to Full Text

http://access.library.miami.edu/login?url=http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl?url_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation&res_dat=xri:pqdiss&rft_dat=xri:pqdiss:9519740