Title

New party persistence and failure: A comparative analysis of Colombia's M-19 Democratic Alliance and Venezuela's Radical Cause

Date of Award

1997

Availability

Article

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

Department

International Studies

First Committee Member

Bruce M. Bagley, Committee Chair

Second Committee Member

Enrique Baloyra, Committee Member

Abstract

Using a "most similar case" design, the experiences of two new political parties--the Alianza Democratica M-19 (M-19 Democratic Alliance, or AD M-19) and the Causa Radical (Radical Cause, or Causa R)--were compared to determine which combination of contingent variables appeared to favor persistence, or consolidation. The AD M-19's failure as a political party was deemed to be due to its nearly non-existent internal organization (particularly at the local level), the lack of an ideological leader, and the absence of an economic crisis. Causa R, conversely, possesses a fairly coherent organization and ground-up structure, has an ideologue as its principal leader, and has benefitted from an almost permanent state of economic crisis in Venezuela since 1983. Electoral rules were found to be unimportant as an explanatory variable. A brief examination of three additional cases tended to confirm the initial findings.

Keywords

History, Latin American; Political Science, General

Link to Full Text

http://access.library.miami.edu/login?url=http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl?url_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation&res_dat=xri:pqdiss&rft_dat=xri:pqdiss:9805968