Title

Quality of attachment as a stress moderator for adolescent self-concept and depression

Date of Award

1998

Availability

Article

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

Department

Counseling Psychology

First Committee Member

Margaret Crosbie-Burnett, Committee Chair

Second Committee Member

Carolyn Garwood, Committee Member

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships between life stress, parental attachment, and depression and self-concept. It was hypothesized that attachment would serve to moderate the effects of negative stress upon self-concept and depression. Two hundred eighteen students, ranging in age from 13-17, volunteered to participate in a study examining parental attachment as a moderator between life stress and adolescent self-concept and depression. The students attended four area parochial schools in South Florida and were tested in the classroom by this investigator. Sixty percent of the participants were Hispanic, 29% were dominant culture, 2.3% were African American, and 2.3% were Asian American, while the remaining specified their race/ethnicity as other.Attachment to mother and attachment to father were assessed by the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (Armsden and by the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (Armsden and Greenberg, 1986). The Life Events Checklist (Johnson and McCutcheon, 1980) was used to assess stressful life events. The Children's Depression Inventory (Kovacs, 1992) was utilized to measure depression, and the Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale (Piers, 1984) was used to measure self-concept.Pearson Product Moment correlation procedures showed significant relationships (in the expected direction) between all major variables. There was a positive correlation between mother attachment and self-concept, as well as between father attachment and self-concept. There was a negative correlation between mother attachment and depression, as well as between father attachment and depression. There was also a negative correlation between mother attachment and Life Events Checklist Negative Change scores, as well as between father attachment and negative change. There was a negative relationship between negative change and self-concept. There was a positive correlation between negative change and depression.Separate Hierarchical Multiple Regression procedures were performed in order to examine the roles of mother attachment and father attachment as a moderator of the effects of negative stress on adolescent self-concept and depression. Results showed that mother attachment and father attachment did not moderate the effects of life stress on adolescent self-concept and depression.

Keywords

Psychology, Developmental; Psychology, Clinical

Link to Full Text

http://access.library.miami.edu/login?url=http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl?url_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation&res_dat=xri:pqdiss&rft_dat=xri:pqdiss:9905048