Title

Predictors of self-esteem lability among people with and without a history of depression

Date of Award

1999

Availability

Article

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

Department

Psychology

First Committee Member

Adele M. Hayes, Committee Chair

Abstract

Past research has indicated that self-esteem lability prospectively predicts symptoms of depression. The primary goal of the current study was to examine contributors to self-esteem lability, in an effort to better understand why lability occurs. Four components of Roberts and Monroe's (1994) theoretical model of vulnerable self-esteem (limited sources of self-esteem, negative schemas, negative overgeneralization, and occurrence of adverse events) were investigated as predictors of lability in global self-esteem. Participants included 149 college students with and without a history of depression symptoms. After an initial assessment session, participants completed ratings of self-esteem, depressed mood, and adverse events for 14 days. Results revealed that adverse events (particularly interpersonal events) and negative overgeneralization made unique contributions to the prediction of self-esteem lability. Participants who were formerly or currently depressed exhibited greater endorsement of the defectiveness schema, negative overgeneralization, total number of adverse events, extent of self-esteem lability, and extent of depressed mood lability. Results of this study provide additional support for Roberts and Monroe's (1994) theoretical model of vulnerable self-esteem, and help focus theory and interventions by elucidating why self-esteem lability occurs.

Keywords

Psychology, Clinical

Link to Full Text

http://access.library.miami.edu/login?url=http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl?url_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation&res_dat=xri:pqdiss&rft_dat=xri:pqdiss:9961245