The role of optimism, coping, and distress: A prospective study of men facing a prostate cancer diagnosis
Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
First Committee Member
Charles S. Carver, Committee Chair
Guided by Carver and Scheier's expectancy based model of motivation, this study followed 77 men age 46 to 86 regarding optimism, coping, and emotional distress before biopsy and after diagnosis of prostate cancer. Upon biopsy, 31 patients received a cancer diagnosis and 46 patients received a benign diagnosis. The two groups did not differ significantly on demographics, optimism, coping, or affect before diagnosis. Cancer patients, however, reported more emotional distress at postdiagnosis than did benign patients. Optimism was a unique predictor of postdiagnosis anxiety among cancer patients. At prebiopsy, optimism and coping accounted for 35% of the variability in emotional distress. Prebiopsy variables also predicted postdiagnosis emotional distress. Regardless of cancer status, venting and behavioral disengagement were particularly important predictors of high distress.
Health Sciences, Mental Health; Psychology, Clinical; Health Sciences, Oncology
Perczek, Ruben Eli, "The role of optimism, coping, and distress: A prospective study of men facing a prostate cancer diagnosis" (1999). Dissertations from ProQuest. 3717.