Publication Date

2008-11-07

Availability

Open access

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Education (EDD)

Department

Kinesiology and Sport Sciences (Education)

Date of Defense

2008-10-13

First Committee Member

Kevin A. Jacobs - Committee Chair

Second Committee Member

Joseph F. Signorile - Committee Member

Third Committee Member

Arlette C. Perry - Committee Member

Fourth Committee Member

Armando Mendez - Committee Member

Abstract

Regular aerobic exercise may reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in part by lowering the concentration of inflammatory markers such as C-reactive protein (CRP). While studies in diseased populations have shown significant decreases in CRP concentrations with regular aerobic training, little has been conclusively determined regarding the effects of aerobic training on CRP concentrations in apparently healthy, untrained populations who may not be adequately screened for CVD risk by traditional methods. PURPOSE: To examine the effects of a 17-wk half marathon training program (TP) on CRP concentrations, aerobic fitness, and body composition in apparently healthy, untrained men. METHODS: Twenty men (29.3 ± 1.0 yr, 37.0 ± 1.6 mL•kg-1•min-1 VO2max, 29.1 ± 1.8% body fat) registered as training subjects (TRN) in a 17-wk half marathon TP. An additional 22 men (27.8 ± 1.4 yr, 38.8 ± 1.0 mL•kg-1•min-1 VO2max, 26.8 ± 1.4% BF) served as controls (CON). Fasting blood samples were taken at four time points over the TP and were analyzed for CRP and interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentrations. Aerobic capacity (VO2max) and body fat (BF%) were measured before and after the TP. RESULTS: No significant changes in CRP (P=0.69) or IL-6 concentrations (P=0.73) were seen in TRN as a result of the TP despite significant improvements in VO2max (42.2 ± 1.9 ml•kg-1•min-1, P<0.0001), resting heart rate (P =0.004), BF% (P =0.03) and BMI (P =0.05). No significant changes in CRP, aerobic fitness, BMI or BF% were detected in CON over time. CONCLUSION: Moderate, long-term aerobic training does not appear to affect CRP concentrations in apparently healthy, untrained men despite significant improvements in BW, BF%, BMI, and VO2max.

Keywords

BMI; Cardiovascular Disease Risk; Body Fat; Inflammation; Aerobic Fitness

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