Publication Date

2017-05-01

Availability

Open access

Embargo Period

2017-05-01

Degree Type

Doctoral Essay

Degree Name

Doctor of Musical Arts (DMA)

Department

Studio Music and Jazz (Music)

Date of Defense

2017-04-04

First Committee Member

John Daversa

Second Committee Member

Dante Luciani

Third Committee Member

Brian Lynch

Fourth Committee Member

Timothy Conner

Abstract

The purpose of this essay is to provide a method that student and professional jazz trombonists can follow in order to develop and implement the double and triple tongue techniques into their playing. Trombonists J.J. Johnson and Curtis Fuller were selected as prime examples of these techniques due to their high level of mastery of fast tempos and fast phrases. Jazz trombone articulation styles are very personal in nature. This method will provide a stepping-stone for the jazz trombonist to begin exploration of multiple-tongue articulation, and eventually find their own personal way of expressing themselves. Three transcriptions from each player that exemplify multiple tonguing and up-tempo phrasing are included in the appendices. Each solo transcription includes chord changes above the written pitches, along with syllabic articulations to help explore one of the many possible ways to execute the passages. Also included in the appendices are double and triple tonguing exercises, scale exercises, and bebop compositions with alternate slide positions, syllables, and conducted telephone interviews with jazz trombonists Steve Turre, Andre Hayward and Ron Westray for further insight on how these techniques can be developed.

Keywords

Jazz; Trombone; Tongue; Technique; Fast; Classical

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