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Publication Date

2009-05-13

Availability

UM campus only

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PHD)

Department

Mechanical Engineering (Engineering)

Date of Defense

2008-01-03

First Committee Member

Sadik Kakac - Committee Chair

Second Committee Member

Huseyin Kocak - Committee Member

Third Committee Member

Hongtan Liu - Committee Member

Fourth Committee Member

Nejat T. Veziroglu - Committee Member

Fifth Committee Member

Xiangyang Zhou - Committee Member

Abstract

The mathematical analysis has been developed by using finite volume method, experimental data from literatures, and solving numerically to predict solid oxide fuel cell performances with different operating conditions and different material properties. The in-house program presents flow fields, temperature distributions, and performance predictions of typical solid oxide fuel cells operating at different temperatures, 1000 C, 800 C, 600 C, and 500 C, and different electrolyte materials, Yttria-Stabilized zirconia (YSZ) and Gadolinia-doped ceria (CGO). From performance predictions show that the performance of an anode-supported planar SOFC is better than that of an electrolyte-supported planar SOFC for the same material used, same electrode electrochemical considerations, and same operating conditions. The anode-supported solid oxide fuel cells can be used to give the high power density in the higher current density range than the electrolyte-supported solid oxide fuel cells. Even though the electrolyte-supported solid oxide fuel cells give the lower power density and can operate in the lower current density range but they can be used as a small power generator which is portable and provide low power. Furthermore, it is shown that the effect of the electrolyte materials plays important roles to the performance predictions. This should be noted that performance comparisons are obtained by using the same electrode materials. The YSZ-electrolyte solid oxide fuel cells in this work show higher performance than the CGO-electrolyte solid oxide fuel cells when SOFCs operate above 756 C. On the other hand, when CGO based SOFCs operate under 756 C, they shows higher performance than YSZ based SOFCs because the conductivity values of CGO are higher than that of YSZ temperatures lower than 756 C. Since the CGO conductivity in this work is high and the effects of different electrode materials, they can be implied that conductivity values of electrolyte and electrode materials have to be improved.

Keywords

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs); Fuel Cell Modeling; Fuel Cells

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