Publication Date

2009-05-26

Availability

Open access

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PHD)

Department

Electrical and Computer Engineering (Engineering)

Date of Defense

2009-05-12

First Committee Member

Kamal Premaratne - Committee Chair

Second Committee Member

Manohar N. Murthi - Committee Member

Third Committee Member

James W. Modestino - Committee Member

Fourth Committee Member

Xiaodong Cai - Committee Member

Fifth Committee Member

Subramanian Ramakrishnan - Outside Committee Member

Abstract

Network resources (such as bandwidth on a link) are not unlimited, and must be shared by all networked applications in some manner of fairness. This calls for the development and implementation of effective strategies that enable optimal utilization of these scarce network resources among the various applications that share the network. Although several rate controllers have been proposed in the literature to address the issue of optimal rate allocation, they do not appear to capture other factors that are of critical concern. For example, consider a battlefield data fusion application where a fusion center desires to allocate more bandwidth to incoming flows that are perceived to be more accurate and important. For these applications, network users should consider transmission rates of other users in the process of rate allocation. Hence, a rate controller should consider application specific rate coordination directives given by the underlying application. The work reported herein addresses this issue of how a rate controller may establish and maintain the desired application specific rate coordination directives. We identify three major challenges in meeting this objective. First, the application specific performance measures must be formulated as rate coordination directives. Second, it is necessary to incorporate these rate coordination directives into a rate controller. Of course, the resulting rate controller must co-exist with ordinary rate controllers, such as TCP Reno, in a shared network. Finally, a mechanism for identifying those flows that require the rate allocation directives must be put in place. The first challenge is addressed by means of a utility function which allows the performance of the underlying application to be maximized. The second challenge is addressed by utilizing the Network Utility Maximization (NUM) framework. The standard utility function (i.e. utility function of the standard rate controller) is augmented by inserting the application specific utility function as an additive term. Then the rate allocation problem is formulated as a constrained optimization problem, where the objective is to maximize the aggregate utility of the network. The gradient projection algorithm is used to solve the optimization problem. The resulting solution is formulated and implemented as a window update function. To address the final challenge we resort to a machine learning algorithm. We demonstrate how data features estimated utilizing only a fraction of the flow can be used as evidential input to a series of Bayesian Networks (BNs). We account for the uncertainty introduced by partial flow data through the Dempster-Shafer (DS) evidential reasoning framework.

Keywords

Flow Classification; Network Utility Maximization; Target Tracking

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