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Publication Date

2008-01-01

Availability

UM campus only

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Biomedical Engineering (Engineering)

Date of Defense

2008-11-21

First Committee Member

Fotios M. Andreopoulos - Committee Chair

Second Committee Member

Herman S. Cheung - Committee Member

Third Committee Member

Paul C. Schiller - Outside Committee Member

Abstract

Bone is a dynamic tissue that in some cases, due to fractures, infection or interruption of blood supply, does not repair completely, leading to bone loss; therefore it is necessary to recur to bone grafts. However, bone grafts (i.e.autografts) may require additional surgery and present risks associated with potential disease transmission from donor to recipient (i.e.allografts). The limitations of these grafts have encouraged the pursuit of engineered alternatives that are based on the synchronous interplay between biomaterials, biological macromolecules and cells. 3-D gelatin-based scaffolds were prepared and evaluated for their ability to promote osteogenesis. Three types of gelatin based scaffolds were prepared via the crosslinking of gelatin B with glutaraldehyde or EDC/NHS in the presence or absence of PLG . The porosity and pore size of the scaffolds were controlled by varying the freeze-drying temperature (-20°C and -80°C). To promote osteogenesis, human stromal MIAMI cells were incorporated in the scaffolds. Results demonstrated MIAMI cells grew and spread actively throughout gelatin and gelatin/PLG scaffolds after 14 days of incubation. The rate of osteogenic activity was confirmed through histochemical staining for alkaline phosphatase and calcium. Mineral deposition was increased in the gelatin scaffold as opposed to the gelatin/PLG scaffold after at day 35.

Keywords

Bone Tissue Engineering; Gelatin Scaffolds

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