Publication Date

2013-08-02

Availability

Open access

Embargo Period

2013-08-02

Degree Name

Master of Music (MM)

Department

Music Education and Music Therapy (Music)

Date of Defense

2012-11-13

First Committee Member

Teresa L. Lesiuk

Second Committee Member

Shannon K. de l'Etoile

Third Committee Member

Philip M. McCabe

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the interaction effect of musical mnemonics and musical training on word recall in young adults. One hundred University of Miami freshmen participated in this study. Fifty participants were musicians, and the other 50 were non-musicians. The researcher met with each participant one time for 30 minutes. The participants listened to a sung or spoken recording of 14 random words throughout five trials. Verbal recall was measured four times, in which the participants were asked to recall and write down as many words from the presentation as possible. Results did not reveal significant results in recall scores between musicians and non-musicians, or between musical and spoken rehearsals. The results of this study also did not reveal a significant interaction effect between musical mnemonics and musical training on verbal memory. Therefore, the findings indicate that musical rehearsal is as effective as spoken rehearsal, regardless of musicianship. Moreover, this study revealed significant differences in recall scores across the four recall trials, indicating the role of rehearsal and repetition on verbal learning and recall. Therefore, the rehearsal of verbal material, whether song or spoken, effectively enhances the ability to learn new information.

Keywords

music; short-term memory; mnemonics; word recall; musicians; verbal memory

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