Publication Date

2014-08-06

Availability

Open access

Embargo Period

2014-08-06

Degree Name

Master of Science (MSArch)

Department

Architecture (Architecture)

Date of Defense

2014-06-27

First Committee Member

John Onyango

Second Committee Member

Juhong Park

Third Committee Member

Esbar Andiroglu

Abstract

The integration of nature and technology always represents a rich combination of developed and innovative elements to serve the environment. Building performance depends not only on the operation of individual elements in the building but also on how they behave as integrated systems to satisfy the user demands. In architecture, usually projects are consist of different stages of design process, and several factors need to be considered among this cycle, such as climate, building shape, comfort levels, materials and systems, occupant health and security. Therefore, advanced technologies became a significant discourse that caught the interest of many professional fields. The building envelope is particularly important, as it is the starting point of energy efficiency measures, and the main determinant of the amount of energy required for heating, cooling and ventilation. In order to be able to deal with the different energy saving alternatives, a strong foundation of knowledge need to be addressed to the architects and engineers. Hence, understanding the nature of a specific system in the ecosystem can provide us with intelligent solutions that could fulfill the multipurpose functions. The study focuses on the dynamic kinetics and adaptive facades system, and its impact on the quality of the interior environment, as well as the whole building energy efficiency and performance in the worm humid climate. Investigation was carried through fabric gain energy modeled box of 4ft x 4ft x 4ft in Autodesk ecotect, and for various dynamic shading devices (horizontal, vertical, and grid) for a south facing façade. Also, Physical models experiments with the same settings were conducted as part of this study to validate the outcomes from the simulation runs. In the first case analysis, representations have shown for HVAC energy consumption and temperature changing average during a course of a day – hourly basis – with overall KWh consumption for each hour on June 19th – 20th. The outcomes revealed that the use of smart shading comparing the to the non-shaded condition results in energy saving of about 34% – 40%.

Keywords

Adaptive facade; Kinetic; Intelligent skin; Biomimetic; Dynamic system; Building performance

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