Publication Date

2017-06-28

Availability

Embargoed

Embargo Period

2019-06-28

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Psychology (Arts and Sciences)

Date of Defense

2017-05-02

First Committee Member

Debra Lieberman

Second Committee Member

Elizabeth A. Simpson

Third Committee Member

Soyeon Ahn

Abstract

Despite the profound influence of relatedness on mating and cooperative behavior in humans, the cues men use to assess paternity and guide offspring-directed behavior have yet to be fully resolved. According to leading theories of kin detection, kinship cues should influence both sexual and altruistic motivations, because of fitness consequences associated with inbreeding and welfare tradeoff decisions, respectively. Prior work with paternity assessment, however, has generally evaluated candidate cues solely by demonstrating associations with altruism. Here I (i) replicate past work that found effects of phenotypic resemblance and perceived partner fidelity on offspring investment; (ii) evaluate whether these two cues meet the more stringent criteria suggested by theory—that is, whether they predict both altruistic motivations and inbreeding aversions; (iii) propose and test a novel candidate cue to paternity: observations of maternal-infant perinatal association (MPA); and (iv) examine whether the significant effects of empirically validated kinship cues on altruistic and sexual motivations are mediated by reported certainty of relatedness. I conduct these tests using existing datasets, one from a population-based sample of Finnish fathers (N = 390), the other a Mechanical Turk sample (N = 744). Results provide the strongest evidence yet assembled in support of perceived partner fidelity as a cue to paternity; support for resemblance as a cue to paternity is limited by comparison. No evidence is found to support a role for MPA in paternity assessment. Findings regarding self-reported relatedness certainty as a possible mediator of the effects of paternity cues are mixed.

Keywords

kin detection; paternity uncertainty; partner fidelity; maternal perinatal association; facial resemblance; offspring resemblance

Available for download on Friday, June 28, 2019

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