Off-campus University of Miami users: To download campus access theses, please use the following link to log into our proxy server with your University of Miami CaneID and Password.

Non-University of Miami users: Please talk to your librarian about requesting this thesis through interlibrary loan.

Publication Date

2010-01-01

Availability

UM campus only

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Molecular and Cellular Pharmacology (Medicine)

Date of Defense

2010-11-12

First Committee Member

Gennaro D'Urso - Committee Chair

Second Committee Member

Diane M. Lopez, Ph.D - Committee Member

Third Committee Member

Michael D. Kim - Committee Member

Fourth Committee Member

Keith A.Webster - Mentor

Abstract

Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer among men in the United States. While treatments for prostate cancer exist, none are curative. As a solid tumor, prostate cancer can grow beyond the diffusion limits of oxygen, thereby resulting in a hypoxic environment. While hypoxia can cause death to a variety of cell types, tumor cells can develop resistance to hypoxia and survive under minimal oxygen conditions. Hypoxia in tumor cells has also been associated with poor prognosis, increased metastasis, and decreased efficacy of chemotherapy. BNIP3, a BH-3 only proapoptotic Bcl-2 family member, has been shown to play an important role in cell death under hypoxic conditions in a variety of cell types. In normoxia, BNIP3 shows little to no expression in both cardiomyocytes and many cancer cell types, but is then upregulated under hypoxic conditions. Previous work in our laboratory provides evidence that hypoxia alone, as well as the concomitant increase in BNIP3 expression, cannot cause death of rat neonatal cardiomyocytes. Instead, our studies found that hypoxia with concomitant intracellular acidosis is required. Further studies indicated that BNIP3 is also necessary for hypoxia-acidosis associated cell death in cardiomyocytes. Our results in rat neonatal cardiomyocytes led us to hypothesize that cell death could be induced in hypoxic prostate cancer cells if concomitant acidosis could be induced. Additionally, our intention was to determine if BNIP3 was required for any prostate cancer cell death that may occur under hypoxia-acidosis conditions.

Keywords

DNA Fragmentation; Apoptosis; V-ATPase; NHE; HIF; BNIP3; Bcl-2 Family; PH

Share

COinS