Parallel Process: Supervision Methods And Supervisory Relationship Quality As Related To Counselor Therapeutic Work

Date of Award




Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)


Purpose. The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of three methods of supervision upon counselors' level of therapeutic work in supervision and counseling. The study also explored parallel processes by focusing on supervisors' therapeutic work and relationship quality in supervision and counselor's corresponding functioning in supervision and counseling.Procedures. Subjects for the study were 27 Masters' counselors and 14 doctoral student supervisors participating in a one semester practicum. The dependent variables were the percentages of Quadrant Four (Q4) responses on the Hill Interaction Matrix analysis of audiotaped sessions and the composite scores on the Barrett-Lennard Relationship Inventory.Counselor-supervisor dyads were randomly assigned to one of the three supervision groups: GEPARD (Graphic Expression of Process and Relationship Dimensions), VRFG (Verbal Relationship Focusing Guide), or traditional supervision. Dyads completed three supervision treatments during the semester. Audiotapes of supervision and counseling were sampled and rated utilizing the Hill Interaction Matrix, statement-by-statement method of analysis.Findings. (1) No significant differences were found between the GEPARD, the VRFG, or the traditional method of supervision in terms of effects upon counselors' therapeutic work in supervision or counseling or upon their perceptions of the supervisory relationship. (2) Counselors' perceptions of their supervisory relationship were not significantly related to their level of therapeutic work with clients. (3) Supervisors' level of therapeutic work was not significantly related to counselors' perceptions of the supervisory relationship. (4) No substantial evidence was found to support either the supervisors' level of therapeutic work or the counselors' perceptions of the supervisory relationship as significantly contributing to counselors' level of therapeutic work with clients. (5) The predicted parallel between counselors' level of therapeutic work in counseling and supervision was not confirmed and a substantial negative association was noted.


Psychology, Clinical

Link to Full Text


Link to Full Text