Estudio Literario Y Social De La Poesia Romantica Panamena (spanish Text)

Date of Award




Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)




This dissertation emphasizes the role of Panama's romantic poetry during the nineteenth century as it relaes to the increased importance of the Isthmus as a transit zone. This study also makes clear the contribution of this poetry toward the creation of a national identity. In regard to modernity the poets reflect various attitudes. The civic-minded writers--Miro and Colunje, who belong to the first romantic generation--praised the modern spirit and linked it to their desire for independence. As a result of their fusing these two irreconciliable historical elements they helped confuse the real issue by identifying national being with international service. This naivete reflected the opinion of an important sector of the Panamanian people, responsible for the loss of the transit route and the establishment of a colonial enclave on the Isthmus. The less progressive group--Feuillet, Escobar and Amelia Denis--rejected the mercantile spirit and affirmed a national one, evident in the description of local landscape, customs and problems of an individual and social nature. Each reflected this nationalistic orientation in his own way, as an analysis of poetic themes, imagery and tone reveals. Nevertheless, in certain poets--Amelia Denis and Perez--we note an ambivalence toward modernity.The basic contribution of Panama's romantic poetry is expressed in a will to maintain a national identity founded on a transcendental faith in the midst of a historical destiny imposed on the nation because of its role as a transit zone. These poets also awaken a collective consciousness relating to the national issue: the antagonism between sovereignty and transit dependency. Finally, they perceive the common man as the core of the real nation because of his loyalty to Bolivarian ideals and lack of contamination by the cosmopolitan spirit. Thanks to these poets, later literary generations could articulate their work with the past and make evident the increasing sense of nationhood in Panama.


Literature, Latin American

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