Revolution And Intervention In Grenada: Strategic And Geopolitical Implications (caribbean)

Date of Award




Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)


The military intervention in Grenada followed periods of quasi-Westminster parliamentary democracy, controlled by Eric Gairy, and a revolutionary People's Government controlled by Maurice Bishop and the New Jewel Movement. The years before the intervention were a time for Cuban and Soviet opportunism and hostility from the United States. A combination of conditions following the death of Bishop in a coup led the United States to join the members of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States in a military intervention. After the intervention, there are definite changes in Grenada itself, in the nature and degree of the U.S. presence in the region, in Anglo-American and Pan-American relations, in the integration of the eastern Caribbean region, and in the opportunities for further action by Cuba in the region. The United States has emerged as the dominant actor in the area, replacing the nominal domination of the British, whose role has diminished in the years following independence for its former colonies. The intervention itself placed a strain on U.S. relations with Great Britain. Grenada stands to benefit from a massive infusion of aid, but the political future of the state is uncertain. The eastern Caribbean finds itself suddenly moved from obscurity to prominence in economic and military assistance from the United States, and to a lesser degree from Britain and the Commonwealth. Cuba has suffered a severe, but probably temporary, setback in its efforts to serve as a model in the region, primarily as a reaction to the publicity regarding the degree of interpenetration of Grenada's government, revealed in the documents captured in the intervention.


Political Science, International Law and Relations

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