The Relationship Of Psychotherapist Ego-Strength And Behavioral Health To Psychotherapeutic Facilitativeness (barron Ego-Strength Scale, Millon Behavioral Health Inventory, Carkhuff, Communication Index Of Interpersonal Functioning, Self-Actualizing)

Date of Award




Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)


Counseling Psychology


The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between psychotherapist ego-strength and behavioral health to psychotherapeutic facilitativeness. A functional triad was hypothesized in which a high level of therapist ego-strength and behavioral health would produce high facilitativeness, and, conversely, low ego-strength and low behavioral health would produce low facilitativeness.Subjects were 31 graduate students and graduates of various mental health sub-specialties. Utilizing upper-third and lower-third cut-offs from scores on the Barron Ego-Strength Scale (ESS) and the Millon Behavioral Health Inventory (MBHI), subjects were divided into the following approximately equal three groups: (1) High Ego-Strength/High Behavioral Health, (2) High Ego-Strength/Low Behavioral Health and Low Ego-Strength/High Behavioral Health, and (3) Low Ego-Strength/Low Behavioral Health. Judge-rated facilitativeness was measured by Carkhuff's Communication Index of Interpersonal Functioning (CIIF). Data were analyzed utilizing a one-way, three-level ANOVA, with alpha level set at p < .05.The CIIF means for the three research groups showed a slight, but statistically insignificant trend in the predicted direction. None of the three groups achieved minimal facilitativeness. Post hoc analysis revealed eleven significant relationships, notably that ego-strength and behavioral health were positively correlated and that facilitativeness was inversely correlated with a facet of low behavioral health known as future despair.Although the findings were inconclusive, the results suggest that ego-strength and behavioral health may be interdependent. While facilitativeness was not significantly affected by ego-strength or behavioral health in the present study, the investigator theorizes that future research may reveal that the broader quality of therapist effectiveness may be influenced by these two psychological characteristics.


Psychology, Clinical

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