Client-therapist ethnicity and gender matching as predictors of length of treatment and goal completion at a practicum training clinic

Date of Award




Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

First Committee Member

Margaret Crosbie-Burnett - Committee Chair


This study tested the hypothesis that ethnicity and/or gender matching between client and therapist contributes to increased length of treatment and improved goal completion. Data were collected from the archived files of a practicum training clinic for a seven-year period of time. Treatment Length and Goal Completion Ratios served as criterion variables and Ethnicity Match and Gender Match between client and therapist served as the independent variables. Both client ethnicity and client symptom severity functioned as covariates for Treatment Length, but not for Goal Completion Ratios. Results showed that neither a 2 x 2 ANCOVA nor a 2 x 2 ANOVA found statistically significant differences between matched and unmatched dyads. Planned follow-up studies yielded non-significant findings as well. Practical implications and directions for future research are discussed.


Education, Adult and Continuing; Psychology, Clinical; Sociology, Ethnic and Racial Studies

Link to Full Text


Link to Full Text