International scholars as participants in American international educational exchange

Date of Award




Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)


Higher Education

First Committee Member

E. John Kleinert - Committee Chair


This investigation attempted to expand the knowledge about international scholars as a unique component in American international educational exchange programs.Data collected through the procedures of mail survey and telephone interviews provided the basis for analysis. Among some of the principal findings of the study were the following: (1) The predominant number of international scholars was male with an average age of 36. Most were married with children. (2) Over half of the international scholars came from Asian countries with China as the largest exporter of scholars to the United States. The American host institution was the primary source of funding for international scholars. (3) Health sciences were the most concentrated fields of specialization among international scholars. Many international scholars held doctoral degrees in their fields of specialization. Most had an established career and/or high professional ranking in their home countries. (4) Most international scholars were attracted to the United States by better research facilities, the opportunity to explore research interests, and the opportunity for cultural enrichment. (5) Professionally, many scholars were motivated by the desire to improve their research or teaching skills and to widen their intellectual horizons in their professional field. To improve English proficiency and to learn more about the United States and its people through first-hand experience stood high on international scholars' personal agendas. (6) For quite a large number of international scholars, their choice of the American host institution was dependent upon the availability of the position and funding. (7) Professional accomplishments and research concentration were the two major criteria in the scholars' choices of their professional collaborators. (8) The majority of international scholars experienced various adjustment difficulties while in the United States. Lack of proficiency in English remained the most serious problem. (9) The greatest concern among international scholars was the success and completion of their research projects.


Education, Bilingual and Multicultural

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