Remembering: Development and validation of an instrument to measure adults' recall of maltreatment in childhood

Date of Award




Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)


Clinical Psychology

First Committee Member

Donald K. Routh - Committee Chair


A psychometric instrument was developed to assess recalled childhood maltreatment in adult populations. The instrument takes the form of a paper and pencil questionnaire and is named Remembering. The questionnaire has four scales assessing domains of physical neglect, psychological maltreatment, physical maltreatment, and sexual maltreatment. A global composite score and several supplemental indices are also available.Seventy-five subjects participated in a pilot study and 333 participated in a validation study. Internal consistency was tested by calculation Cronbach's alpha statistic, and test-retest reliability was tested with a subset of 73 subjects who sat for a second administration of the Remembering questionnaire. Construct validity was assessed by observing the goodness of fit between results obtained using the Remembering questionnaire and a nomological net derived from established theoretical formulations and results of previous research (Cronbach & Meehl, 1955).Alpha coefficients for the four primary scales ranged from.72 to.88, and test-retest reliability coefficients ranged from.89 to.97. Predicted fit with the aforementioned nomological net was found in most instances, with significant correlations (p $<$.01) of.29,.38,.48,.46, and.51 between the global maltreatment measure and, respectively, measures of dissociation, lowered self-esteem, depression, anxiety, and global psychopathology. Results indicate preliminary levels of reliability and validity sufficient for research purposes.


Education, Tests and Measurements; Psychology, Clinical

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