Exilio y enajenacion en la obra de Reinaldo Arenas

Date of Award




Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

First Committee Member

Gemma Roberts, Committee Chair


Reinaldo Arenas' literary work has been analyzed from the perspectives of Psychology, structure, theme, textuality and intertextuality, and also from the point of view of modernity. The present analysis tries to show that his work is one of exile. Arenas as a human being, as well as an author, suffered all forms of exile and these influence the structure of his work. He lived in exile from the very day he was born. His suicide was his final gesture of exile, now from his very existence. In his literary work, as well as in his life, are present all the definitions of exile given by Sociology; that of inner exile, to which Arenas added a new characteristic, and that of territorial exile as well. His work represents the vision of the marginated, the imprisoned, the persecuted, the rejected, and the exile. In this sense, it can be said that his work is also a search of Cuba's history.Alienation, as Sociology says, is, in itself, a form of exile. In Arenas' work it is present almost in all of his characters. It is present at the unfolding of his first characters. It is also present in the quest of the liberating door in El Portero, and in the cruel satire of national values in El color del verano. His work appeals to every human being. The purpose of his novels and poetry is to reveal, from a historical reconstruction, the explanation of Cuba's constant political problems.Arenas' essays, his autobiography, his novels as well as his poetry--all the subject of this analysis--are the literary expressions of exile and alienation; the norm of the world that he lived and recreated.


Literature, Latin American; Literature, Caribbean

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