Factors related to community college enrollment

Date of Award




Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)


Higher Education

First Committee Member

John H. Croghan, Committee Chair


The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among academic preparedness, demographic variables and a student's decision to attend or not to attend a community college. Additionally, to determine if other factors play a role in students' enrollment decisions, a survey of no-shows and enrollees was conducted. Three research questions were examined in the study: (1) What relationship, if any, exists between academic preparedness of no-shows and enrollees as presented in Computerized Placement Test scores? (2) What differences, if any, exists between the following demographic variables of no-shows and enrollees: gender, age, ethnicity? (3) What other factors contribute to a student's decision not to enroll in college (finances, employment, personal problems, and similar issues)?Three samples were selected consisting of no-shows and enrollees at a suburban campus of a multi-campus community college district. Results indicated that: enrollees scored higher than no-shows on both the reading and algebra subtests of the CPT with significant differences on both subtests; no significant differences existed between the scores of the two groups on the TSWE and Math subtests of the CPT; no significant differences existed between the groups on the variable of gender; younger age groups enrolled at significantly higher levels than the older age groups; proportionately, more blacks were in the no-show group than other ethnic groups; the primary reasons given by no-shows for non-attendance at the college was they could not afford to attend (29%), they decided to take a full-time job (26.4%), personal problems prevented their attendance (19.4%); and the primary reasons given by enrollees for attendance were the college was close and convenient (41.7%), they could afford to attend (26.4%) and the desired program or courses were available (15.3%). In addition to these findings, this effort provides the first attempt at developing a capsulized summary of the no-show literature.


Education, Community College; Education, Administration; Education, Higher

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