Factors related to community college enrollment

Date of Award




Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)


Higher Education

First Committee Member

John H. Croghan - Committee Chair


The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among academic preparedness, demographic variables and a student's decision to attend or not to attend a community college. Additionally, to determine if other factors play a role in students' enrollment decisions, a survey of no-shows and enrollees was conducted. Three research questions were examined in the study: (1) What relationship, if any, exists between academic preparedness of no-shows and enrollees as presented in Computerized Placement Test scores? (2) What differences, if any, exists between the following demographic variables of no-shows and enrollees: gender, age, ethnicity? (3) What other factors contribute to a student's decision not to enroll in college (finances, employment, personal problems, and similar issues)?Three samples were selected consisting of no-shows and enrollees at a suburban campus of a multi-campus community college district. Results indicated that: enrollees scored higher than no-shows on both the reading and algebra subtests of the CPT with significant differences on both subtests; no significant differences existed between the scores of the two groups on the TSWE and Math subtests of the CPT; no significant differences existed between the groups on the variable of gender; younger age groups enrolled at significantly higher levels than the older age groups; proportionately, more blacks were in the no-show group than other ethnic groups; the primary reasons given by no-shows for non-attendance at the college was they could not afford to attend (29%), they decided to take a full-time job (26.4%), personal problems prevented their attendance (19.4%); and the primary reasons given by enrollees for attendance were the college was close and convenient (41.7%), they could afford to attend (26.4%) and the desired program or courses were available (15.3%). In addition to these findings, this effort provides the first attempt at developing a capsulized summary of the no-show literature.


Education, Community College; Education, Administration; Education, Higher

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