Publication Date



Open access

Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Musical Arts (DMA)


Instrumental Performance (Music)

Date of Defense


First Committee Member

Dennis Kam - Committee Chair

Second Committee Member

Thomas Sleeper - Committee Member

Third Committee Member

Gary Green - Committee Member

Fourth Committee Member

Valerie Von Pechy Whitcup - Committee Member

Fifth Committee Member

Nancy Zavac - Committee Member


The primary purpose of this essay is to provide comparisons between Pleyel's chromatic harp and Erard's double-action pedal harp, in order to find the factor leading to the emergence of the double-action harp as today's standard instrument. This essay includes biographies of Gustave Lyon and Sébastien Erard, historical background, literature, criticisms, influences, performance techniques and as well as musical examples demonstrating written techniques of Pleyel's chromatic harp and Erard's double-action pedal harp. In addition, this essay also includes a list of earlier twentieth-century works for the chromatic harp.


Chromatic Harp; Double-Action Pedal Harp; History Of Erard's Double-Action Harp; Pleyel's Chromatic Harp; Harpists; Single-Action Harp; Salvi Harp; History Of Wurlitzer's Harp; Lyon & Healy Harp; Comparison Of Performance And Composition Techniqu