Publication Date



Open access

Degree Type

Doctoral Essay

Degree Name

Doctor of Musical Arts (DMA)


Instrumental Performance (Music)

Date of Defense


First Committee Member

Dennis Kam

Second Committee Member

Thomas Sleeper

Third Committee Member

Gary Green

Fourth Committee Member

Valerie Von Pechy Whitcup

Fifth Committee Member

Nancy Zavac


The primary purpose of this essay is to provide comparisons between Pleyel's chromatic harp and Erard's double-action pedal harp, in order to find the factor leading to the emergence of the double-action harp as today's standard instrument. This essay includes biographies of Gustave Lyon and Sébastien Erard, historical background, literature, criticisms, influences, performance techniques and as well as musical examples demonstrating written techniques of Pleyel's chromatic harp and Erard's double-action pedal harp. In addition, this essay also includes a list of earlier twentieth-century works for the chromatic harp.


Chromatic Harp; Double-Action Pedal Harp; History Of Erard's Double-Action Harp; Pleyel's Chromatic Harp; Harpists; Single-Action Harp; Salvi Harp; History Of Wurlitzer's Harp; Lyon & Healy Harp; Comparison Of Performance And Composition Techniqu