Publication Date



Open access

Embargo Period


Degree Type

Doctoral Essay

Degree Name

Doctor of Musical Arts (DMA)


Studio Music and Jazz (Music)

Date of Defense


First Committee Member

John Daversa

Second Committee Member

John Hart

Third Committee Member

Gary Keller

Fourth Committee Member

Stephen P. Rucker

Fifth Committee Member

Rafael Padron


A study was conducted on how musicians react to deviations from an isochronous pulse for the purpose of applying emerging understandings of the perception of time to the endeavor of cultivating musical timing in the context of jazz ensemble playing. Anecdotal wisdom was gathered through interviews with reputed sources. Classic jazz recordings were examined as part of the inquiry into how to best improve the interactive aspect of one’s musical timing. Strengths and deficiencies of existing paradigms of practicing and teaching were evaluated with consideration to leading-edge insight into temporal cognition. It was concluded that there exists a need for a pedagogy for the practice and teaching of swing timing that takes into account the complexities that result from the interactions between the players in a jazz ensemble. A recommendation for further study is enclosed.


Swing timing; music cognition; jazz pedagogy; time keeping; metronome