Publication Date

2018-06-22

Availability

Embargoed

Embargo Period

2020-06-21

Degree Type

Doctoral Essay

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PHD)

Department

Modern Languages and Literatures (Arts and Sciences)

Date of Defense

2018-03-23

First Committee Member

Ralph Heyndels

Second Committee Member

George Yudice

Third Committee Member

William Rothman

Fourth Committee Member

Gema Perez- Sanchez

Abstract

I examine the narratives imaginaries of Terrorism among some authors and filmmakers between 2007 and 2012. I argue that these oeuvres give rise to a new understanding of terrorism that is rooted in a series of traumatic experiences endured by the subject. These humiliations lead to the urgent need of a radical revenge: The terrorist act. The new terrorism is rooted in the "radical multitude" of oppressed singularities. Literary and cinematic fiction from the Maghreb can be considered as what Saldivar in "Unsettling Race, Coloniality and Caste” (2007), calls a "locus of enunciation" on terrorism. This enables the emergence of a new discourse on terrorism that encompasses a dominant vision according to which terrorism is exclusively rooted in religion, that is to say the Islamic radical thought. In the fictions that constitute my corpus, the terrorist act is presented as a consequence to economic precarity, gender persecution, and a process of desocializing the subject. A political reading of the Qur'aan comes as a consequence to the causes mentioned above. Religion is presented as a tool by which the subject not only comprehends his situation but also justifies the act of revenge, that is to say the terrorist act. Thus, they imitate the oppressor towards whom an admiration is felt. In my dissertation, I examine the different levels of this dynamic humiliation/ revenge. Through an interdisciplinary theoretical perspective informed by cultural and literary studies, my dissertation examines debates about poverty and violence, terrorism and gender, postcolonial studies on immigration and transnational terrorism.

Keywords

Terrorism; Maghreb; Queer; Francophone Literature and Cinema

Available for download on Sunday, June 21, 2020

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