Doctor of Musical Arts (DMA)
Instrumental Performance (Music)
Date of Defense
First Committee Member
Ney Rosauro - Committee Chair
Second Committee Member
Gary Green - Committee Member
Third Committee Member
Ferdinando DeSena - Committee Member
Fourth Committee Member
Nancy Zavac - Committee Member
The objective of this doctoral essay is to help shed some light on the Afro-Cuban musical style called the Abakuá. This essay traces the development of the Abakuá secret society and its music from its ancestral beginnings in Africa (with the Èfik and Efut Leopard Societies), through its movement into Cuba and the development of the first lodge (in the eighteen hundreds), to its eventual influence in America. This essay also describes the impact the Abakuá has had on music in general, but especially the music of the Cuban Rumba and Afro-Cuban jazz. Detail is given on many different aspects of the Abakuá, including the history, beliefs, and practices of the secret society, the types of ceremonies, the types of drums and rhythms associated with each ceremony, including their purpose, and the influences of Abakuá on rumba and modern music. The essay concludes with an assessment of the development of the drum set and how this instrument has played a part in the music of the Abakuá as well as Afro-Cuban jazz in general. While this essay covers many elements, the focus remains on the drums and rhythms of the Abakuá and how they have influenced others and evolved throughout this process.
Percussion; Abacua; Abakwa; Clave; Latin Jazz Origins
Truly, Donald Brooks, "The Afro-Cuban Abakuá: Rhythmic Origins to Modern Applications" (2009). Open Access Dissertations. 219.