Publication Date



Open access

Embargo Period


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PHD)


Educational and Psychological Studies (Education)

Date of Defense


First Committee Member

Scotney Evans

Second Committee Member

Dina Birman

Third Committee Member

Ashmeet Oberoi

Fourth Committee Member

Wing Yi Chan


Recently, the resurgence of interest in feminist activism has been discussed by media and news outlets. It is still relatively unknown what contextual factors affect sustained participation, as well as how women from different backgrounds sustain activism in the face of compounding oppressions. This grounded theory explores the contexts of sustained participation through two research questions: (1) what are the contextual factors that influence women's sustained participation in activism?, and (2) how is the dynamic between identity and context reflected in sustained participation in activism? Nine women activists in Miami-Dade County were interviewed about their experiences in feminist movements, specifically what has helped to facilitate or hinder their sustained participation. This grounded theory shows that the dynamic between managing multidimensional relationships and defining identity is influential to women's sustained activism at different levels of analysis. Some of the specific contexts including relationships, supportive workplace structures, the reproduction of oppression in movement spaces, and operating within the non-profit industrial complex all within Miami-Dade County, which brings its own unique set of challenges. Implications for future research and action for activists and community practitioners are discussed.


women; activism; context; citizen participation; collective action; intersectionality