Publication Date



Open access

Embargo Period


Degree Type

Doctoral Essay

Degree Name

Doctor of Musical Arts (DMA)


Vocal Performance (Music)

Date of Defense


First Committee Member

Esther Jane Hardenbergh

Second Committee Member

Robynne L. Redmon

Third Committee Member

Frank W. Ragsdale

Fourth Committee Member

Shawn Crouch


French classical vocal music is often underrepresented in the training of beginning singers. This essay is an instructional guide, using ten French songs composed by Pauline Viardot that are suitable for introducing French repertoire to young female voices. Pauline Viardot was an accomplished singer, teacher and composer, writing approximately 450 pieces of music including 100 art songs. Much of her work is unknown. For each song included in this project, historical context is provided as well as a complete translation of the text. Pedagogical and performance-related analyses are given, focusing upon topics related to technical development, musicianship and interpretative ideas for performance. This discussion provides thorough guidance for voice teachers who wish to explore this repertoire.


pauline viardot; vocal pedagogy; pauline garcia; french art song; female composers; training female voices