Publication Date




Embargo Period


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PHD)


International Studies (Arts and Sciences)

Date of Defense


First Committee Member

Bruce M. Bagley

Second Committee Member

Bradford R. McGuinn

Third Committee Member

Ambler Moss, Jr.

Fourth Committee Member

Maxime Larivé


In 2011, protest movements calling for political reform in the Middle East and North Africa proliferated throughout the region. The United States, the United Kingdom, France, and Germany each would respond in a variety of ways gradually moving towards finding these protest movements within their national interests. Tracking each state’s response to the Arab Spring, this dissertation seeks to understand how and why they found it within their national interest eventually to intervene militarily, or not, in Libya. This exegetical study utilizes a securitization theory approach to understand the process by which these protest movements did or did not move from the realm of normal politics to securitized over the course of less than three months for each of these states. Furthermore, this dissertation outlines how the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) came to be utilized and how it was used, amongst other things, as a meditating institution that brought the securitizers and desecuritizers together around the values, which the organization has espoused throughout its lifetime.


NATO; Libya; Arab Spring; Securitization Theory; military intervention

Available for download on Sunday, December 05, 2021