Publication Date

2009-05-26

Availability

Open access

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PHD)

Department

Psychology (Arts and Sciences)

Date of Defense

2008-12-09

First Committee Member

Sheri Johnson

Second Committee Member

Michael E. McCullough

Third Committee Member

Heather Henderson

Fourth Committee Member

Jutta Joormann

Fifth Committee Member

David Loewenstein

Abstract

The effect on two sessions of mindfulness training on attentional efficiency was examined. 150 novice meditators were randomly assigned to mindfulness training, relaxation training, or a neutral task and were tested before and after participation. They were evaluated with performance measures of attentional efficiency and short-term memory as well as self-report measures of mindfulness and affect. Results indicated that mindfulness training was not related to better performance on any attention measure or a verbal memory measure as compared to relaxation and control groups. Possible reasons for the failure to find attentional benefits are explored and directions for future research are discussed.

Keywords

Mindfulness; Attention

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