Publication Date



Open access

Embargo Period


Degree Type

Doctoral Essay

Degree Name

Doctor of Musical Arts (DMA)


Instrumental Performance (Music)

Date of Defense


First Committee Member

Richard Todd

Second Committee Member

Luciano Magnanini

Third Committee Member

Gary Green

Fourth Committee Member

Donald Oglesby


The horn first appeared in jazz music in the late 1930's. Over time, the horn found a significant place as a side instrument in the music of Chet Baker, John Coltrane, Miles Davis, Gil Evans, Dizzy Gillespie, Freddy Hubbard, Stan Kenton, Charles Mingus, Thelonius Monk, Wes Montgomery, Jaco Pastorius, and Oscar Peterson. Furthermore, there have been notable jazz horn soloists and a growing list of compositions for solo jazz horn. There is a significant place for the horn in jazz. Unfortunately, there is a considerable lack of scholarship to help aspiring players learn this style. Virtually all aspiring horn players can and will receive classical training on the horn. This training, however, does little to help prepare that student to play jazz music competently. There is a limited amount of published information about the jazz horn in pedagogy and in performance. Furthermore, the information is not presented in a unified format. This study will detail the careers of notable jazz horn players. The players will discuss how they were introduced into jazz, how they learned to play jazz, and how they learned to be successful in a non-traditional field. This oral history is a necessity because it will provide a reference for aspiring jazz horn players that currently does not exist.


jazz horn; Mark Taylor; Richard Todd; John Clark; horn in jazz; Tom Varner