Publication Date



Open access

Embargo Period


Degree Type

Doctoral Essay

Degree Name

Doctor of Musical Arts (DMA)


Instrumental Performance (Music)

Date of Defense


First Committee Member

Gary Green

Second Committee Member

Robert Weiner

Third Committee Member

Luciano Magnanini

Fourth Committee Member

Karen Kennedy


The purpose of this paper is to propose a new practice paradigm for musicians that allows them to quickly identify errors, choose the most appropriate strategy needed to help them maximize their efforts in the practice room, and also have a method that will allow the individual to see and measure their growth in an objective fashion. The researcher first reviewed the literature on practicing to distill the proven techniques. From this review, the researcher created a new practice paradigm that closely follows the current research testing method of pretest-practice-posttest provided a list of materials needed for the practice session, and a detailed explanation of how an individual should perform each step of the paradigm. After creating the paradigm, the researcher created a new purpose and hypothesis for some of the studies that he reviewed so that future researchers could easily test his model and compare it to prior researcher. Finally, the researcher gives an explanation of who can use this model.


practicing; music practicing; models for practicing music