Publication Date



Open access

Degree Type

Doctoral Essay

Degree Name

Doctor of Musical Arts (DMA)


Instrumental Performance (Music)

Date of Defense


First Committee Member

Thomas Sleeper

Second Committee Member

Nicholas DeCarbo

Third Committee Member

Craig Morris

Fourth Committee Member

Gary Green


This essay, through a thorough examination of primary and secondary sources, presents analyses of three orchestral works from Hovhaness' "fourth-period," a period of time spanning approximately ten years, from 1960 to 1970. This essay focuses on three works from this period: Meditation on Zeami, Floating World, and Ode to the Temple of Sound, written in 1963, 1964 and 1965, respectively. This essay gathers information from various primary and secondary sources in order to provide performers who are preparing works from this period with a single source of information, bringing clarity to theoretical and musicological problems. Analyses of this sort are made all the more necessary by the fact that there are currently no extant recordings of any of the works being studied here, and that two of the works, Meditation on Zeami and Floating World, have never been commercially recorded. Without an aural precedent and guide to follow, analyses of these musics will be a welcome resource for the conductor preparing a performance.


Hovhaness; Ode Temple Sound; Zeami; Ukiyo; Floating World