Publication Date



Open access

Degree Type

Doctoral Essay

Degree Name

Doctor of Musical Arts (DMA)


Studio Music and Jazz (Music)

Date of Defense


First Committee Member

Rachel L. Lebon

Second Committee Member

Stephen Rucker

Third Committee Member

Martin B. Bejerano

Fourth Committee Member

Deborah Schwartz-Kates


With a great increase in the global awareness of Afro-Peruvian music in the last ten to fifteen years, jazz musicians have become interested in utilizing the rhythms of Peru to help push their music into new areas of sound and texture. Regarding the art of applying Afro-Peruvian rhythms to the drumset for use in a contemporary jazz setting, inspired heavily by the drumming approach of Hugo Alcázar, there are no published methodologies available which explain how to develop the skills required to make this process a reality. This document details historical background information about Afro-Peruvian music, the application of Afro-Peruvian rhythms to the drumset, applying Afro-Peruvian rhythms to contemporary jazz and soloing techniques inspired by Afro-Peruvian rhythms. To aid in this process, it includes musical examples, figures, and transcriptions as well as explaining practice strategies aimed at developing these musical skills in a straightforward manner. This paper provides additional discussion of survey responses from musicians and composers who have successfully combined Afro-Peruvian music and contemporary jazz.


Jazz; Drums; Peru; Afro-Peruvian; Festejo; Susnjar