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Publication Date



UM campus only

Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Electrical and Computer Engineering (Engineering)

Date of Defense


First Committee Member

Manohar N. Murthi

Second Committee Member

Kamal Premaratne

Third Committee Member

Subramanian Ramakrishnan


Achieving high performance in high capacity data transfers over the Internet has long been a daunting challenge. The current standard of Transmission Control Protocol (TCP), TCP Reno, does not scale efficiently to higher bandwidths. Various congestion controllers have been proposed to alleviate this problem. Most of these controllers primarily use marking/loss or/and delay as distinct feedback signals from the network, and employ separate data transfer control strategies that react to either marking/loss or delay. While these controllers have achieved better performance compared to existing TCP standard, they suffer from various shortcomings. Thus, in our previous work, we designed a congestion control scheme that jointly exploits both delay and marking; D+M (Delay Marking) TCP. We demonstrated that D+M TCP can adapt to highly dynamic network conditions and infrastructure using ns-2 simulations. Yet, an analytical explanation of D+M TCP was needed to explain why it works as observed. Furthermore, D+M TCP needed extensive simulations in order to assess its performance, especially in relation to other high-speed protocols. Therefore, we propose a model for D+M TCP based on distributed resource optimization theory. Based on this model, we argue that D+M TCP solves the network resource allocation problem in an optimal manner. Moreover, we analyze the fairness properties of D+M TCP, and its coexistence with different queue management algorithms. Resource optimization interpretation of D+M TCP allows us to derive equilibrium values of steady state of the controller, and we use ns-2 simulations to verify that the protocol indeed attains the analytical equilibria. Furthermore, dynamics of D+M TCP is also explained in a mathematical framework, and we show that D+M TCP achieves analytical predictions. Modeling the dynamics gives insights to the stability and convergence properties of D+M TCP, as we outline in the thesis. Moreover, we demonstrate that D+M TCP is able to achieve excellent performance in a variety of network conditions and infrastructure. D+M TCP achieved performance superior to most of the existing high-speed TCP versions in terms of link utilization, RTT fairness, goodput, and oscillatory behavior, as confirmed by comparative ns-2 simulations.


Network Calculus; Utility; Protocol Modeling; TCP; AQM