Publication Date



Open access

Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Biomedical Engineering (Engineering)

Date of Defense


First Committee Member

Jean-Marie Parel

Second Committee Member

Fabrice Manns

Third Committee Member

Klaus Ehrmann


Presbyopia is the progressive decrease in accommodative ability with age, and it implies a major loss of visual function. Presbyopia is the only condition of the eye which affects everyone who lives beyond 50 years of age. As part of a joint effort, the Ophthalmic Biophysics Center at the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute and the Vision Cooperative Research Centre at the University of New South Wales, developed two different ex-vivo accommodation simulators (EVAS) to examine the mechanisms of accommodation and presbyopia, and to test and validate new ophthalmic surgical procedures such as lens refilling. The purpose of this thesis is to mechanically and optically calibrate the second generation instrument (EVASII), and to compare it to the first generation design (EVASI). To validate the optical measurements of EVASII, an optical calibration has been performed, yielding a lens power measurement system with a mean accuracy of ±0.56D. To enhance the optical capabilities and tissue dissection options, the mechanics of mounting the tissue has been improved by using magnetic mounts, and the mechanical calibration of EVASII, yielded a force measurement system with a mean uncertainty of ±0.81g Also, a comparison of EVASII and EVASI has been performed, showing that the results of the two systems are significantly different; however, both systems successfully simulate accommodation. Thus, general trends concerning efficacy and optimization of surgical procedures as well as age related accommodative changes can be compared for each individual system.


Lens Refilling; Post-Mortem Ocular Tissue; Optical Power; Presbyopia; Accommodation; Crystalline Lens