Publication Date



Open access

Embargo Period


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Music (MM)


Music Education and Music Therapy (Music)

Date of Defense


First Committee Member

Stephen F. Zdzinski

Second Committee Member

Brian T. Powell

Third Committee Member

Joseph F. Signorile


The purpose of this paper is to examine perceived levels of music performance anxiety (MPA) when participants are prescribed a running treatment. Three research questions were investigated throughout the study: 1) How does a running program influence perceived levels of MPA among music performers? 2) What other outcomes do students report they experience from the running treatment? 3) Does increased cardiovascular health result in lower levels of perceived MPA? A secondary research question was asked: Do perceived levels of MPA among participants vary based on degree concentration, instrument, gender, and age? Nineteen participants were recruited for this study from the Frost School of Music and were in varying areas of study at the undergraduate, masters and doctoral level. The 19 participants were divided into two groups, control or treatment. The control group did a breathing exercise prior to a performance while the treatment group followed a six-week running plan. Statistical results from this research were not significant, but participants in the running group did report higher levels of confidence, decreased stress and anxiety, and increased lung capacity. Participants in both groups had a similar decrease in anxiety levels after treatment, breathing exercise or running. Implications from these results and suggestions for further research are offered.


Music Performance Anxiety; Running; Exercise; Treatment; Music Education