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Following Nagaoka, the ground state of the large-U nearly half-filled Hubbard model is ‘‘ferromagnetic.’’ However, because of the anisotropic exchange energy JA, the physical Nagaoka ground state is nondegenerate and comprises a totally disordered spin state, i.e., a linear combination of all possible spin arrangements. For this ground state the susceptibility is Pauli-like but of a magnitude associated with a narrow band of width ∼JA while the holons, i.e., the charge excitations, correspond to spinless fermions with a band of width 2zt. Associated with the spinon sector are very poorly defined spin waves, i.e., bosons, with a quadratic dispersion relation. These spin waves do not become soft at any finite temperature, rather, they soften as they approach the metal-insulator transition, i.e., as the number of holes n0 becomes small. Examined is the problem of constructing a mean-field slave-boson approach for the present problem.


S. E. Barnes, Physical Review B, 41, 8991-9002, 1990. "Copyright © 1990 by the American Physical Society.”

Link to the online abstract:

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.41.8991