Fisheries provide a number of goods and services worldwide. Poor fisheries management results in decreased food and fewer jobs while costing society billions of dollars annually. We address two aspects of fisheries management: governance and habitat protection policy. We map the governance of coastal fishing in the Spanish Mediterranean, an area with high biodiversity and extensive coastal fishing pressure, and analyze it using Eleanor Ostrom’s principles for successful common pool resource management. We also discuss the impacts of destructive fishing practices, current habitat protection policies, and potential incentive-based policies to improve habitat protection and meet the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act goal to protect essential fish habitat. Our methods consisted of speaking with professionals in the field and searching published literature via Web of Science, Scopus, and Google Scholar. We find that both Spain’s highly devolved hierarchical governance structure and current habitat protection methods are on the right track for successful fisheries management. A possible opportunity for improvement in both governance and habitat protection is to more fully incorporate and incentivize users. We expect that the next step in fisheries management will involve a stronger emphasis on integrating and motivating users.
Trainor, Mary, "Improving fisheries management through governance and incentives for habitat conservation" (2013). Internship Reports (Restricted). 197.
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