Coral reefs are hotspots of marine biodiversity, attractions for tourism and recreation, and provide essential fish habitat (Moberg and Folke 1999). Research shows that healthy reefs also provide remarkable coastline protection. Close to 40% of the global population lives within 100 km of a shoreline (Ferrario et al. 2014), putting billions of people, infrastructure, and businesses at risk from coastal hazards such as wave impacts, storm surges, shoreline erosion, flooding, and sea-level rise. Coral reefs act as natural barriers to the destructive energy of waves, storm surge, and other extreme climatic hazards (Ferrario et al. 2014, Beck 2016). Further, they can improve the retention of near-shore sediments by trapping particles that would otherwise be washed out to sea. These processes can drastically reduce erosion, minimize flooding, mitigate sea-level rise impacts, and diminish potential devastation from extreme storm events
Carrick, Jane Valentine, "Supporting coastal resilience through restoration of coral reefs" (2017). Internship Reports (Restricted). 286.
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